Eixample, the modernism district
The Eixample Quarter is the area located in the north side of Catalonia Square, the geographical centre of the city.
It represents the Enlargment Quarter, as it was an enlargement of the city made in the middle of the 1800.
The districting was part of the City Plan designed by the engineer Ildefons Cerdà, whose urban plan was adopted more than 150 years ago, in 1859.
Known as the Cerdà Plan it knocked down the medieval City Walls. From this point the city of Barcelona was transformed: from a busy, saturated small city to a new urban conception, with a totaly renovated area formed by long and wide avenues and luxurious Art Noveau buildings.
The reason of the new city plan is the increade of the population due to the mass migration from the countryside, as a consequence of the Industrial Revolution.
This demolition of the walls contributed to the expansion of the city: many of the former surrounding villages become new neighborhoods of the New Town: Sarria, Gracia, Sants.
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